Polish politician and economist, President of the Economic Council, Member of European Parliament. He was a lecturer at the University of Gdańsk and foreign universities, as well as established the Institute of Research into Market Economy in Gdańsk. In the years 1980-1989, he was an economic adviser to NSZZ “Solidarność”, and in 1988 a co-founder of Liberal Democratic Congress. A Member of Parliament of the 1st, 3rd and 4th term, former minister of privatisation in the governments of Jan Krzysztof Bielecki (1990-1991) and Hanna Suchocka (1992-1993). In the European election of 13 June 2004, he became an MEP from the Civic Platform’s list. For two years and a half, he was in charge of the European Parliament’s Budget Committee, and then he took the position of its deputy chairman. In the years 2010-2014, he was the EU Commissioner for Financial Programming and the Budget. In 2014, he was elected to the European Parliament again.