Polish historian, essayist, former dissident, public intellectual, editor-in-chief of Poland’s largest newspaper “Gazeta Wyborcza”. Brought up in a family of committed communists, Michnik became an opponent of the communist regime at the time of the anti-Jewish purges in the party. He was imprisoned, first, after the 1968 March Events, then, after the imposition of the Martial Law in 1981. Michnik also played a crucial role during the Polish Round Table Talks, as a result of which the communists conceded to call elections, which were subsequently won by Solidarity. Even though he has withdrawn from active politics he has “maintained an influential voice through journalism”. He is a laureate of many awards and honors, including a Knight of the Legion of Honour and European of the Year.